How is Beta Thalassemia Treated
A beta thalassemia is a form of the anemic disorder that happens when the beta-globin protein is at fault. In a healthy person, a chain of 2 beta-globin protein is needed (1 from each parent). However, if any of the genes are absent or faulty, the proper amount of iron is not formed and thalassemia symptoms might develop.
Types of Beta thalassemia
As we have already mentioned there is a need for 2 beta-globin protein genes in order to make sure that the blood carries oxygen sufficiently throughout the body. Based on the number of genes at fault here, there are two types of faults:
- One Faulty Gene: In this scenario, only one of the genes is Faulty. This causes mild anemic symptoms, nausea, and lethargy in the child. As the symptoms are mild, the disease, in this case, is also called Beta-Thalassemia minor. It is an intermediate version of the condition; not particularly benign, but no drastic danger to the body either.
- Two faulty Gene: When both the genes in the protein genes are at fault, the symptoms become a lot more severe and the major variant of the disease occurs, which is also called Cooley’s anemia. As a more severe of the two, this is the one condition where regular blood transfusion becomes a matter of survival.
Beta Thalassemia treatment
As the symptoms of this condition are anemic, the treatments are mainly focused on maintaining the supply of adequate blood cells in the body. To that end, the following treatment is pursued in order to treat the symptoms:
- Regular blood transfusion: As the gene that creates the iron in the blood cells is faulty, there is a severe lack of red blood cells in the system. Blood transfusion is a process that is only given if the anemia is causing a serious impairment to the quality of life.
- Iron Chelation: Transfusions tend to be mandatory in most of the cases. However, post blood transfusion; you can have a lot of extra iron in the system. To that end, iron Chelation therapy works to remove the excess amount of iron.
- Splenectomy: Splenectomy or the removal of the spleen is required to deal with the more severe cases of Thalassemia major. This form of treatment is required when the requirement of blood transfusion is way too much. An enlarged spleen makes it difficult to manage the amount of iron in the body and therefore has to be removed in order to save the patient’s life.
- Folic Acid consumption: One of the major symptoms of the titular condition is bone pain. Folic acid consumption has been known to decrease the intensity of pain.
- Monitoring the heart and the liver function: Being vigilant about the functions of the heart and the liver has also been deemed necessary in order to manage this condition.
- Gallbladder removal: For the victims of beta thalassemia major, gallstone is one of the major symptoms that are needed to be dealt with. To that end, Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy is also a treatment method to deal with the issue.
All these nuanced treatment measures require expert assistance. Fortunately, we have the perfect hospital for you. Fortis hospital in Gurgaon has the most advanced treatments to deal with this condition. The program is helmed by three experts: Dr. Vikas Rao, Dr. Rahul Bhargava, and Dr. Aniruddha Dayama. With the assistance, of these three doctors, the treatment will go on a successful path.