Myelodysplastic Syndrome Signs and Symptoms
Myelodysplastic syndromes are not a single disease, but rather, it is a group of diseases that are caused by poorly formed blood cells in the body. The bone marrow somehow becomes abnormal and the resultant blood cells are not just quite right.
Now, it might seem like i am down playing it. However, the little not quite right of this situation brings in a bunch of blood disorders that can even be malignant in nature. Ignoring these symptoms can be fatal. To that end, we are going to dive into the signs and symptoms of Myelodysplastic Syndrome through the course of this blog. Furthermore, we are also going to look into the treatment options that an individual with this disorder has to deal with this disease.
The symptoms of Myelodysplastic syndrome
Blood disorders signs and symptoms are almost always the same and Myelodysplastic syndrome has no point of being anything different. However, this particular disease doesn’t cause issues for a single type of blood cell, bur all of them. To that end, the symptoms associated with this disease are that much varied. These symptoms are as follows:
- Fatigue: The lack of red blood cells is the root reason for this symptom.
- There is also shortness of breath: the body tries to compensate for the lack of oxygen by forcing you to breathe rapidly.
- Thrombocytopenia: The bruising and bleeding that occurs rather easily due to the low platelet count.
- Petechiae: the same lack of platelets causes spots beneath the skin due to bleeding.
- Frequent infections: the lack of white blood cells causes the body’s immune system to be compromised. Another name given to this issue is called Luekopenia.
Any of the above sings are basically red flags that you might have blood disorder. To that end, if you encounter any of these symptoms, you should get in touch with the hematological specialists.
The treatment options for Myelodysplastic Syndromes
As far as the Myelodysplastic syndrome treatments guidelines go, the focus here is to deal with the symptoms. To that end, if there is no appearance of any of the symptoms, the specialists mostly recommend waiting for any significant change to pop up in the diagnostics before any form of treatment can be given. However, when the symptoms do emerge, the following are the treatments options provided to the patients:
- Blood transfusions: It is one form of treatments where the fresh healthy blood is supplied to the patient in an intravenous fashion. T his way, the healthy blood can help with maintaining the patient’s health and deal with some symptoms related to the lack of certain types of blood cells. However, depending upon the severity of this disease, this form of treatment is not totally viable. To that end, further treatment options are needed to be looked into as well.
- There are some medication options as well:
- Increase the number of red blood cells in the body
- Stimulate the maturation of the blood cells
- There are medications that suppress the immune system and as far as Myelodysplastic syndrome go, this medication deals with the regular need of using transfusion.
- Medications to deal with infections
- Bone marrow transplantation: it all falls down on this; any form of blood disorder has this form of therapy when it comes to a treatment that can actually cure the disease. Here, healthy stem cells are transplanted into the bone marrow of the patient in order to provide them with a way to increase the production of healthy blood cells.
So these are the treatment options that you do have to deal with the titular blood disorder. Make sure to get in touch with India’s best hepatologist if you want these treatments.