Sickle Cell Anemia Complications and Life Expectancy
Sickle cell anemia is inherited blood disorder of the red blood cells in which there is lack of healthy blood cells to carry the oxygen throughout the human body. In a normal human the red blood cells are round and flexible that makes it easier for them to move around in the body and the carry oxygen throughout the body. However, when the patient suffers from sickle cell anemia the red blood cells turns into the shape of the sickle or crescent moons and get stuck in the blood vessels. When the blockage is caused in the arteries the blood flow becomes slow or blocks completely.
Complications of sickle cell anemia
Sickle cell anemia is a severe disorder of blood thus there are multiple complications that pop up with this condition. However, with the sickle cell anemia treatment methods these symptoms and the disease itself can be managed. Here are some of the some of the major complications of sickle cell anemia are as follows-
- Pain: It is one of the most common obstacles of this condition this is because when deformed cells get stuck in the blood vessels it results in extreme episodes of pain. The pain can move to the lower back, legs, arms, belly, or chest. To treat this pain over the counter medications like aspirin or ibuprofen can be used. Apart from this other home remedies like drinking enough water, avoiding extreme heat or cold, and resting can help in relieving the pain.
- Anemia: Anemia is the condition when there is lack of blood cells in the person. This condition arises when the sickled blood cells die faster than your body can replace them. Due to this it becomes very hard for the cells to gain oxygen. Due to this the patient may face the symptoms like tiredness, weakness, and dizziness. When the person suffers from severe anemia the blood transfusions can be used. However, too much blood transfusion can result in too much iron in your blood, which can cause problems with your heart, liver, or pancreas.
- Infections: This is a more common condition in the kids as compared to adults as they are more likely to get infections. The infection may occur because this disease damages the spleen of the person, an organ that helps your body filter bacteria out of your blood. In or der to treat infections the antibiotics can be used. However, it is important to stay considerate about them and avail the treatment as soon as possible.
- Acute Chest Syndrome: It is a very severe condition in which due to the sickle cells the blood flow to the lungs is blocked. In this condition the child or the adult may begin to experience the symptoms like fever, trouble breathing, chest pain, and cough. If you find any of these symptoms don’t wait anymore and get straight to the doctor.
- Miscellaneous Complications: Due to the sickle cell anemia the blood flow to the bones of major joints can be blocked due to this the bone tissues may die. This condition is known as avascular necrosis and is more commonly found in the hip joints of teenagers and adults.
Further, the people suffering from this condition are likely to have problems in their eye, heart, kidney, and other liver problems, blood clots, and stroke.
Life expectancy of sickle cell anemia patient
The life expectancy of the people with sickle cell anemia is reduced due to the complications that come with this condition. In some cases the patient can stay without any symptoms for years while in others the patient do not survive beyond infancy or early childhood. However, now with the rapidly advancing technology the life expectancy and quality of life of sickle cell anemic patient is improving significantly. When the diseases are managed properly and the adequate treatments are taken the patient can survive beyond their 50s.