What are the Symptoms and Causes of Multiple Myeloma?
Healboat May, 05, 2018
When plasma cells, the white blood cells inside the bone marrow, develop a form of cancer, the cancer is called Multiple Myeloma. Why these cells are important? It is because these white plasma blood cells are responsible for the generation of antibodies that fight infection in the body.
When a patient has the case of this malignancy, the cancer cells get clustered inside the bone marrow. Consequently, the blood cells become crowded and rather than producing antibodies, abnormal proteins take their place. This, in turn, causes complications to the rest of the body.
Symptoms of multiple myeloma
A multiple myeloma is a varying form of cancer that can either be severe to the point of being life ending, or completely benign and can be brushed aside. However, when these symptoms start to surface, cancer officially becomes active and the doctor is needed:
- Intense pain in the bones prevalent in the chest and the spinal area.
- Feeling of Nausea
- Feeling of Constipation
- Loss of hunger
- Confusion and mental fogginess.
- Infectious diseases are prevalent.
- Loss of weight
- The weakness of the legs
- Constant and sometimes excessive thirst.
If the above signs become more persistent with time, it is necessary to take action and consult the doctor ASAP.
What causes Multiple Myeloma?
The causes of Multiple Myeloma are not very definitive. However, scientists have postulated that even if there is one abnormal plasma cell inside the bone marrow, it can multiply. Now, as the cancer cells do not actually die similarly to the normal cells, they tend to accumulate and restrict the ability of healthy cells to produce antibodies. Instead, abnormal proteins are released into the system, causing intense damages to the kidneys. Now, this can also spread, making them weaker causing intense cases of fractures as well.
Now the root cause of multiple myeloma might not be very well recorded as of yet. However, there are some triggers that cause this issue. These triggers include
- Immune disorders
- Hereditary reasons
- MGUS(a relatively benign condition but has shown the same protein markers as myeloma)
- Some viral infection.
If you want treatment for this malignancy, you should get in touch with the talented team in the Fortis Hospital at Gurgaon. This team entails the best hematologist in India. Together, they will provide you with the best treatment possible.