What are the Types of Leukemia?
Leukemia is a form of cancer that is formed in the cells that are present in the bone marrow. These cells, called the plasma cells, once develop cancerous growth, starts to divide at an uncontrolled pace. Once enough of these abnormal cells have developed, they crowd the normal ones. This keeps building up until these cells leave the bone marrow and traverse to the other parts of the body.
Types of leukemia
Depending on the rate of how cancer progresses through the stages and the region that they develop in, there are 4 types of leukemia defined as of yet:
- AML (acute myeloid leukemia): This variant of cancer is the most common type of leukemia and is also one of the fastest growing cancers, spreading across the blood and bone marrow. This form of cancer is responsible for the creation of blasts: a form of white blood cells that do not mature properly. Based on the cells that originate in this form of cancer, AML is divided into 8 subtypes ranging from type M0 to M7.
- CML(Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia): This is a variant of cancer that has the same traits as AML with one major difference, the progress of cancer is slower. However, with time, the progress starts to become erratically fast and can, therefore, reach other parts of the body. Furthermore, this form of cancer is associated with a particular type of chromosome also known as the Philadelphia chromosomes.
- ALL(acute Lymphomatic Leukemia): This form of cancer starts when the white blood cells start to propagate in the bone marrow. This particular variant of leukemia progresses at an extremely very fast rate. While it does that, it replaces the cells that produce lymphocytes with cells of leukemia. The replacement cells do not mature properly and so they spread across organs like brain, Liver, Lymph Nodes, testicles etc.
- CLL(Chronic Lymphatic Leukemia): This form of cancer is a slower variant of Lymphomatic leukemia. It begins in the lymphocytes of the bone marrow and then proceeds to spread to the blood. Now, at the initial stages, the condition grows extremely slowly (to the point of being benign). When that happens, it becomes near impossible to detect it in the earlier stages. However, when it spreads across, its symptoms tend to be similar to ALL.
If you want proper treatments for leukemia, you need to get to the experts of Fortis Hospital ASAP. There, under the guidance of the leaders of the Hematology department: Dr Vikas Dua, Dr. Aniruddha Dayama and Dr. Rahul Bhargava, you can get access to the proper treatments pertaining to your condition.