What are the Types of Lymphoma?
Lymphoma is a broad term that is used to signify a particular group of cancer variants that start their developments from the lymphocytes. These cells are only referred to as cancer cells and not tumors. As lymphoma encompasses all types of cancers that start at the lymph nodes, you can already guess that there are dozens of subtypes of this type of cancer.
However, Lymphoma has two categories
Lymphoma is categorized in the following two categories:
1. Hodgkin’s Lymphoma: This particular variant accounts for about 15% of the types of lymphoma. Hodgkin’s variant of this malignancy happens in the white blood cells of Lymphocyte origins. It has the following subtypes based on the combination of Reed Sternberg (RS) cells:
- Nodular Sclerosing Hodgkin’s lymphoma: The most common form of HL, this subtype presents itself in the form of large tumor nodules that display scattered variant of the RS cells.
- Mixed Cellularity HL: this is another common subtype of HL that is comprised of several classical RS cells. Furthermore, these cells are mixed in with several inflamed variants of the lymphocyte cells.
- Lymphocyte Rich HL: This one is a rare subtype of HL. To that end, it is easy to confuse it when it comes to diagnosis because its symptoms are eerily similar to B-Cell Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma.
- Lymphocyte Depleted: This one is also counted among one of the rare subtypes. It is comprised of a large number of Pleomorphic (shape-changing) RS cells. However, it can be confused with the Non-Hodgkin’s version of lymphoma.
2. Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma: The rest of the variants of lymphoma that do not fall under the Hodgkin’s are the non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. There are several subtypes of types of cancer. While the HL variants were based on the morphology of the RS cells, that is not the case here as the types and cells are extremely different:
- Follicular Lymphoma
- Chronic Lymphocytic Lymphoma
- Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma
- Marginal Zone Lymphoma
- Burkitt Lymphoma
- Hairy Cell Leukemia.
- Lymphoma cystic lymphoma:
- Mantle Cell
- Primary central nervous system Lymphoma
- Precursor T-lymphoblastic
- Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma
- And several more.
While there are several types of this malignancy, the good news is that there are treatable. To that end, you can get in touch with the hospital called Fortis Hospital in Gurgaon. There, under the care and guidance of Dr. Vikas Dua, Dr. Aniruddha Dayama Bone Marrow Specialist, and Dr. Rahul Bhargava, you would be provided with proper treatment for the disease.